Closed-end funds, which do not face redemptions, use both leverage and hedging and are somewhat like hedge funds. The website "cefconnect" has a large listing of funds under daily pricing.
And there are ETF's as long-short, momentum, event-driven, replication, multi-strategy, currency-carry, and other alternatives.
Most ETF's that write call options just follow a set strategy. Closed-end funds that write call options can take an active management approach.
The is one hedge fund that has a parent company as a re-insurer that can be found on the stock market. Another hedge fund has a closed-end fund on the London stock market.
Private-equity companies can be found on the stock market. The private-equity companies run funds that buy companies using debt financing. Other types of limited-partnership companies can be found on the stock market such as a company that runs funds of high-yield debt. An ETN can be found that holds financial LP positions.
Business-development-companies might seem like hedge funds and mortgage-REIT's might seem like hedge funds.
Or be your own hedge fund. Buy something that pays a dividend and then take a long-term sell-side futures-contract against it such that the long-term sell-side future benefits from a contango.