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I feel that $90k in taxes is a lot! I'm curious if in the ideal situation, what would be the best possible way to reduce taxes, properly donating it to charities you actually care about etc?

Some other questions - if it's for 2018, can donations be made retroactively (now)?

(Clarification - this is a question I'm asking on behalf of a friend. He does his own taxes, even though he complains he is paying close to 6 figures in taxes!)

closed as unclear what you're asking by Grade 'Eh' Bacon, Chris W. Rea, Peter Cooper Jr., JoeTaxpayer Feb 12 at 22:05

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    Yes, that's unusual, but only because the income required to have a tax bill like that is unusual. – quid Feb 12 at 21:03
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    Impossible to answer a tax question knowing (a) nothing about the jurisdiction and (b) nothing about the individual's financial circumstances (income, etc.). – Grade 'Eh' Bacon Feb 12 at 21:08
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    If your taxable income is $100,000 then it’s unusual. If your taxable income is $300,000 then it’s not unusual. – Mike Scott Feb 12 at 21:15
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    Reducing your taxes costs you money (your savings is the tax bracket amount not the amount of your contribution). the more tax that I have to pay, the happier I am (due to higher income not higher taxes :-). – Bob Baerker Feb 12 at 21:21
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    @ina I'm getting the impression from your question history that you have a potentially very complicated tax situation and you've been trying to sort it out by asking advice from fairly random sources like venture capitalists you work with, and this Stackexchange. I'd suggest that you really need to talk to a tax professional, preferably one that has a fiduciary duty to you. The folks here generally are smart and have good intentions, but we're getting only a scattershot picture of your full situation. – Charles E. Grant Feb 12 at 22:49
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If you owe that much in tax, you had somewhere around $300k to $400k in income. This significantly limits your options at this point.

So you are single, have a very high income, and little to no deductions or reductions. There really is not much you can do at this point.

If you had an MAGI (Modified Adjusted Gross Income) of less than $120k single then you could retroactively put money in an IRA, but if you owe $90k you are well above that in income.

One option for you for next year is to max out things like 401k on your income. You could also take out a mortgage instead of renting, mortgage interest is tax deductible up to a pretty high limit, and in many places mortgage will be less than rent. Property taxes will likely not be deductible due to the new limit on state taxes, at your income you already likely pay more than $10k in state taxes, unless you live in Texas, FL or another state that does not have state income tax.

You don't mention the source of your income, but if this was due to day trading etc, you could slow that down a bit, holding investments over 2 years results in capital gains tax vs. income tax, which might help you.

The reality is you make a lot of money so you owe a lot of taxes. Make sure you are planning for that and having enough withheld or making sufficient estimated payments. Underpaying will result in penalties on top of tax owed.

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    TCJA reduced the maximum principal on which you can deduct residential mortgage interest to $750k for mortgages after Dec. 2017; at 4-5% that's about $35k/yr max. The charity deduction limit was actually increased (to 60% AGI from 50%), but that only helps if you are willing to give away your money. – dave_thompson_085 Feb 13 at 17:00
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People with high taxes might be able to make themselves sub-contractors instead of employees. As a sub-contractor they can be a LLC company and take extensive business expenses. For example a car lease could be a business expense.

But now the federal tax rate for a C-corporation is 21% . So there is a comparison of being an LLC at the tax rates of an individual versus a C-corp at 21% tax but along with taking an additionally taxed dividend from the C-corp.

Also, the new laws and rules as to which type of LLC can get tax rates similar to a C-corp are very difficult.

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