I'm an Russian citizen, living in Russia and I own a LLC in Wyoming. I am the only owner of this LLC (single member managed LLC). I use this company to accept international payments through 2checkout.com(US) and Paypal on my website. I transfer all the received money to my Payoneer account (US). I'm selling web services only through my website to all-world. I've never visited the US before—the company was formed over the internet through a registered agent. I don’t have an office in the US and real bank account.

Am I engaged in a trade or business in the United States?

Are the payments received from buyers outside the United States Effectively Connected With U.S.? Or I need to have US customers for business effectively connected with US.

Do I have to fill 1040NR form with my details only and leave the rest blank? If yes, then when?

Do I have to fill Form 5472 + Form 1120-F? If yes, then when?

Do I have to fill Schedule C form ? If yes, then when?

  • Why would you do that?
    – Money Ann
    Commented Feb 3, 2019 at 22:32
  • @MoneyAnn Doing what?
    – Alex
    Commented Feb 3, 2019 at 23:07
  • @Alex do you have a USA business Paypal account?
    – Acidon
    Commented Aug 21, 2019 at 14:41

1 Answer 1


As a rule of thumb, any US person has at least two kinds of reporting obligations with the IRS.

  1. Information Reporting
  2. Tax Reporting

Based on your question, we know that (1) you are a non-resident alien (2) without any substantial presence in the US on an individual level. However, (3) you are the owner of an LLC, and that's where the fun starts, because (according to the IRS):

"A person means an individual and legal entities including, but not limited to, a limited liability company..."

Therefore, you are a US person and fully obliged for information & tax reporting related to the LLC. (If your LLC made revenue that is eligible for taxation is another question and not to be discussed here)

In order to fulfil your reporting obligations, the following high-level process may be of help:

  1. Apply for EIN by submitting form SS-04 via fax (without EIN, you can't file LLC-specific information)
  2. Electronically File FBAR for LLC with EIN as an identifier (hefty penalties are due if you don't do this)
  3. EITHER file 'pro forma' form 1120 together with form 5472 via fax (source) OR schedule an ITIN application with any CPA - in my case, they took the EIN from step (1) and used it to submit a "zero-income" tax return based on form 1120

1-2 month later, you should have an ITIN, an EIN as well as an FBAR filing confirmation email. From that point on, you can use your ITIN to e-file zero-income tax returns for future years in a matter of minutes using services as, for example, Sprintax.

As to when exactly you are required to file, it's safe to go with the annual reporting deadline (April 15 this year). Lastly, failure to do any of the above may not result in immediate penalties as it may be safely assumed that the IRS has bigger fish to fry. However, keep in mind that your business is technically operating out of compliance until you fulfil all your reporting obligations.

  • 1
    I beleive the LLC is a US person, not the OP, but I could be mistaken on this. Does the OP need an ITIN? I believe their company needs an EIN (if they employ anyone) but I didnt think the OP would need an ITIN?
    – Vality
    Commented Apr 11, 2019 at 18:41
  • According to my legal conception, any single-member LLC and its single member both are one and the same thing to the IRS. Yes, OP needs an EIN. No, OP does not need ITIN but having one will make OP's life easier for any future US operations (online tax returns, online bank account openings)
    – sudonym
    Commented Apr 11, 2019 at 23:37

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