Located in Europe, I am thinking about a long-term (~20 yrs) investment into an ETF that follows MSCI USA Index. I am stuck: should I pick an euro hedged fund or a normal one. My salary is in Euros, my mortgage is in Euros, etc.

To hedge or not to hedge, that is the question. What are pros and cons?


So the pros are pretty simple: You in effect limit your currency risk and just get exposure to the 'true' return of the index of it's native currency. They also are generally able to hedge much cheaper than you could due to access to wholesale rates etc. Put simply: you lower your short term variance by mitigating the exchange risk.

But, and here comes the key con: hedging is never free, and these ETFs will always have marginally (and sometimes much) higher costs than the un-hedged due to the additional transactions they have to make. Not only that, but historically a lot of currencies just swing against each other and the moves basically cancel each other out over time, so long horizon investors should usually care more about these additional fees than the additional variance the un-hedged version forces them to suck up, as they add up to a lot more cost in the long run than the hedging gives back.

  • Thanks. I am having hard time understanding the ETF cost. un-hedged vs hedged. Are you able to untangle the cost of those two ETFs? – Danijel Jan 11 at 10:10
  • So the Total Expense Ratio (TER) of the first ETF (the un-hedged) is 0.07%. The TER of the second (hedged) is 0.12%.. – Philip Jan 11 at 10:47
  • Here it is: Calculating the ETF cost – Danijel Jan 11 at 11:03
  • Also, if using Cost Averaging (usually called Dollar Cost Averaging, but which currency is totally beside the point, which is that the monetary rate of investment is held constant and the number of shares purchased varies with volatility) then volatility actually enhances returns. – Ben Voigt Jan 11 at 15:47
  • @Philip One thing I still don't understand: how can "currencies swing against each other and cancel each other out over time"? Isn't the only important moment the one when I cash out? That's when I would convert from USD to EUR. – Danijel Jan 21 at 19:38

I like the un-hedged dollar-based investment because it diversifies the euro home-currency position.


I'd invest into funds denominated in other currencies (like Nikkei225 in YEN, FTSE100 in GBP). With this approach you will diversify your investment and currency exposure at the same time. No one would hedge a 20 year currency exposure as it was mentioned previously.During such a big time horizon it is even possible that you will obtain liabilities in USD, YEN or GBP thus effectively cancelling out some of your currency risk.

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