# Calculating Bond returns as an annual compounded rate

I've been reading up on bonds and the different methods there are of calculating the yield of the bond. So suppose I bought a \$1000 face value with a 5% coupon that pays semi annually for \$995 with a maturity of 5 years. after those 5 years I should expect a return of \$1500 from my original investment of \$995 which translates to approximately 8.6% compounded annually. Would this be a correct method of evaluating the bonds return? And if so could this method be used to compare different bonds?

Would this be a correct method of evaluating the bonds return?

Yes that would the the correct way to calculate return. Note that return and yield are calculated differently (yield to maturity is more complex because it assumes that coupons are reinvested) but they are both measures of the expected income realtive to the original purchase price.

And if so could this method be used to compare different bonds?

You need to understand why bonds have different returns. The other main factors are the length of the bond and the default risk. Longer-dated bonds tend to have greater returns to compensate for having the money tied up for a longer time period, and bonds issued by entities with a greater risk of default have higher returns to compensate for the risk (even slight) that the entity won't be able to make all of the required payments.

So a bond that returns 10% is not necessarily "better" that one that returns 5%. It may mean that the first bond has a significantly higher risk of default.

• Wouldn't the maturity and default risk be accounted in the overall return though. For example the longer the maturity the greater the income from the coupons, and to compensate for default risk cant the issuer have a lower offering price, or higher coupons, which again would be reflected in the returns? Jan 10, 2019 at 1:36
• Exactly - that's my point. A bond that returns 10% is not necessarily "better" that one that returns 5%. It may mean that the first bond has a significantly higher risk of default. I'll clarify that in my answer. Jan 10, 2019 at 1:38
• Does this method of calculating return have a specific name/term Jan 11, 2019 at 0:35