I have the formula for calculating the present value of an annuity due

I have the Present value now, so I want to solve for r. In other words, I would like to find out the resultant rate.

In the example I have:

  • PV = 8253.93
  • PMT (periodic payment) = 1000
  • n = 10 years

The answer I am supposed to get is 4.54545%

I simplify the formula as far as I can:

7253.93/1000r - 1 = (1 + r)^-9

Then I square root by -9 for everything:

0.8023811875r - 1 = 1 + r

0.8023811875r - r = 1 + 1
-0.1976188125r = 2
r = -10.12%

What am I doing wrong?


You can't get an analytical solution for r. You need to solve it numerically, via some iterative method.

Here is the simplest iterative method I can think of. First, rearrange your equation to solve for one of the r's:

r = (1000/7253.93)*(1 - (1 + r)^(-9))

Now, since we can only solve for one r at a time, we rename the r on the right side to r_0 and the one on the left side to r_1:

r_1 = (1000/7253.93)*(1 - (1 + r_0)^(-9))

Now, take a geuss of r_0. Try r_0 = 0.5, since r should be between 0% an 100%. Plug it in and solve for r_1:

r_1  = (1000/7253.93)*(1 - (1 + r_0)^(-9))
r_1  = 0.1343

Now, do it again, with r_1 on the right-side, and solve for the next `r_2 on the left side:

r_2  = (1000/7253.93)*(1 - (1 + r_1)^(-9))
r_2  = 0.09350

Repeat the pattern:

r_3  = (1000/7253.93)*(1 - (1 + r_2)^(-9))
r_3  = 0.07619

and keep going:

r_4  = 0.06667
r_5  = 0.06073
r_6  = 0.05677
r_34 = 0.04547

and after 34 iterations you have a pretty close solution. There are better iterative methods out there, but this is the simplest.

Alternatively, you can plug it in to Wolfram Alpha which gives the expected answer of r=0.04545...


Your second step is wrong; you can't take the 9th root of the left side the way you did.

As far as I know, there's not a closed-for solution for r - you have to find it iteratively (try some value and adjust it up or down depending on which way you are from the actual answer).

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