for questions related to understanding basic concepts in finance or certain terms in a particular context

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1
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1answer
14 views

The Term Bulls and Bears?

My thought is that a bull pushes up while a bear swipes down. Is that where the terms come from? Bull market and bear market?
5
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2answers
64 views

How to read bond yield quotes? What do the time, coupon, price, yield, and time mean?

I am newbie in finance and I recently saw Bloomberg bond yields quoted as follows: Can anyone specify what "1 month" and "1 year" mean? What do coupon, price, yield and time (EDT) mean?
5
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2answers
151 views

How does a monthly inflation rate work?

I'm struggling to understand the following inflation numbers for South Africa given here: http://www.tradingeconomics.com/south-africa/inflation-cpi Year Month Inflation 2015 Jun 4.7 2015 Jul ...
3
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1answer
61 views

What does “DM currencies” mean in this context?

"Key drivers include: Low/negative real rates. the view that the dollar has peaked against DM currencies lingering macro risks." source: http://www.businessinsider.com/ubs-note-on-golds-new-phase-...
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2answers
69 views

Accounting equation: does income really decrease equity?

I am new to using double-entry bookkeeping for personal finances. GnuCash uses a variant of the accounting equation that has five variables, and which seems to be known colloquially as an "expanded" ...
1
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3answers
198 views

Why do credit cards have minimum limits?

Westpac's page on Credit limits says that there's minimum credit limits for its cards. For example, the minimum for Platinum credit cards is A$6000 (just under US$5000). I can understand there being ...
0
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1answer
27 views

Difference between double declining balance and reducing balance

As I understand it if we have a double declining balance asset worth £10,000, declining over 10 years, we will depreciate by an annual rate of 20%. But I have also been told that double declining is ...
44
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9answers
14k views

Why are 30-year mortgages seen as unwise, if you can pay off the loan in a shorter period of time anyway?

I'm slowly working towards buying my first home (yay!), and have been playing around with the numbers. As far as I can tell, there's literally zero advantage for getting a 10 or 15-year mortgage since ...
1
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2answers
90 views

What is street-side booking?

What is the meaning of the term "street-side bookings" in the context of broker operations? I suspect it has something to do with the Central Counter Party Clearing outlined in https://en.wikipedia....
3
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1answer
57 views

What does “marking down” a startup mean?

In this article, the article discusses fidelity marking down the value of tech startups. Based on context, it seems like somehow Fidelity has magically reduced the value of the startups, but this ...
1
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0answers
35 views

Difference between actuarial method and U.S. Rule [closed]

I'm trying to understand the difference between the actuarial method and the U.S. Rule for calculating interest. I think the difference is that the actuarial rule adds unpaid interest to the ...
1
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2answers
46 views

Types of investments with built-in puts or similar safety features

I recently learned of indexed universal life insurance. One of the features of this type of investment is that a portion of the funds are used for puts, so the investment rarely (never?) loses money ...
0
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2answers
51 views

What does “points” mean in such contexts (stock exchange, I believe)?

What does "points" mean in such contexts (stock exchange, I believe)? It would be also great if you provide references or example sentences. "S&P 500 is holding above the Moving Averages 10 it is ...
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1answer
60 views

Jumbo loan amount before or after downpayment? [duplicate]

I want to take out a mortgage, but the value of the house is greater than $417,000, which is the amount when a mortgage becomes a Jumbo loan. I looked for more information on BankRate.com, and even ...
0
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2answers
45 views

(Why) are all Australian mutual funds REITs or bond funds? [closed]

I wonder why Australia does not promote the big and global fund houses to introduce mutual fund schemes for people to have an option to invest in, instead of just the property/related choices. The ...
1
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1answer
26 views

Why does the calculation for IRR use revenue, not profit?

As far as I understand, IRR is calculated by finding the discount rate where the NPV equals zero. What I don't understand is why the revenue (or cash inflows) is used in the calculation instead of ...
0
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1answer
64 views

What is the formula to calculate loans at variable rates and what is the function of PV (present value) in calculations?

Yesterday, I tried during the whole day to solve that problem: You have been living in the house you bought 6 years ago for $250,000. At that time, you took out a loan for 80% of the house at a fixed ...
1
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0answers
70 views

How much accounting knowledge is needed to read financial statements of publicly traded companies?

"You have to understand accounting and you have to understand the nuances of accounting. It's the language of business and it's an imperfect language, but unless you are willing to put in the effort ...
1
vote
1answer
48 views

About dividend percentage

I want to know on what price of a share the percentage is taken. There are two types of value for a share of stock: the market value, the face or par value. What amount I will be paid if I have ...
1
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1answer
36 views

Direct access to the currency exchange market

It is now fairly common for "lambda" users to have direct access to the stock market, i.e., see the book of order (up to a given depth), place a buy or sell order, cancel an order, etc. The bank or ...
1
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2answers
61 views

What foreign currency exchange rate is applied at cash machines

I recently came back from Auckland and China . Prior to withdrawing cash from ATMs , the currency exchange sell and buy prices give an estimate price. I wonder how much € exactly will 100 NZD cost. ...
0
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2answers
98 views

How does the person lending shares to the short selller protect themselves if the short sellers are correct?

I'm curious how the person lending shares protects themselves from the downside if the short sellers are correct. Are they actually loaning shares or is it like the banks, loaning out more money ...
11
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1answer
1k views

What is the difference between an amortized loan and a non-amortized loan?

As an example, my parents told me that their current car loan is amortized. Does that make any practical difference to how they pay off their loan, as opposed to if their loan had not been amortized?
2
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1answer
168 views

Normal for my 401k to be performing at -11% over the past 18 months? [duplicate]

Me: 27 years old Income of upper $70ks Contribute 6% to 401k, and 3% to roth 401k (increase my 401k by 1% each year; employer matches up to I think 3%) Performance: Over the past 18 months, my ...
6
votes
1answer
436 views

Will the stock market continue to grow forever?

I am relatively new to investing. I understand that the stock market, in some sense, reflects what happens in the real economy. For example, if the U.S. economy grows, the stock market in the long ...
4
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1answer
92 views

One Share Stock Reverse Split

What would happen if I hypothetically had one share of a stock that is undergoing a reverse stock split? This would be an odd predicament but I just read about someone in this situation and can't ...
6
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2answers
269 views

Will I ever lose money if I always pay the credit card bill on time?

One last thing I am pondering before getting a secured credit card. Your due date is at least 25 days after the close of each billing cycle. We will not charge you interest on new purchases, ...
5
votes
1answer
95 views

Does Investing in commodity helps to build home

I am from India. I have plan to build new own home next year. Now commodity price for metal (steel) is less than past years. Is it worth to buy steel from commodity now, then Is it possible to switch ...
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2answers
181 views

Shouldn't it be the person writing the check who endorses the check, not the depositor of the check?

I have to sign the backs of checks other people give me. Why is this necessary? It seems that someone could easily steal the check and write their name instead and deposit it into their own account. ...
5
votes
5answers
226 views

Real Estate blind auction - who benefits?

The housing market in Portland, OR is extremely hot. So hot that realtors are now using blind auctions. Listings say Offers will be reviewed on [date] at [time] Prospective buyers are ...
5
votes
3answers
153 views

Why would I buy a bond with a negative yield?

The only reason that I can think of is because I expect the bond to appreciate in price thus offsetting the loss in yield. I could still end up with less money than I started with, if I hold the bond ...
0
votes
3answers
212 views

Mortgage payments

Background I was watching a video about mortgage-backed securities on Khan Academy (ref. this video, skip to 2:32), and something struck me as odd about the way he presented the mortgage model. He ...
0
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1answer
64 views

company market capitalization to total (annual) stock market capitalization

I have a panel dataset with 13 countries and 10 years (1999-2009). I'm trying to calculate share/pctage of the average firm market capitalization to average stock market capitalization for each ...
0
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1answer
150 views

How to calculate depreciation?

I am not accountant and my question could be trivial but I will ask it. Let's say that I bought a car that cost $50,000. The maintenance cost over 5 years is $25,000. The revenue of the car over 5 ...
1
vote
2answers
200 views

Why is the number of issued shares less than the number of outstanding shares

We know that #issued shares = #outstanding shares + #treasury shares. So the number of issued shares must be greater than treasury shares by definition. However, Starbucks' fiscal 2014 From 10-K ...
15
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2answers
5k views

Buying shares in a company after you quit

US law dictates that you cannot buy / sell shares in a company you work for except during open trading windows. I understand lockout periods when you're in a company but what about after you quit? ...
5
votes
1answer
57 views

what does “private equity structures” mean?

I'm translating an article about finance. What does "private equity structures" mean in this context - He said that popular ways for UHNWs to invest in real estate included property club deals ...
2
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2answers
146 views

When is an IPO considered failure? [closed]

I am reading case of Air Berlin IPO. It has detail that investors where unhappy as the operating profit was less and company's strategy was not aligned to increase profit. But why did knowing ...
4
votes
1answer
84 views

Can a non dividend-paying product (say ETF) suddenly start paying dividends?

If I buy shares of a product that currently does not pay dividends, can it theoretically/technically start paying dividends in the future?
-1
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1answer
60 views

Ongoing Automatic Investment Fee

When a DRIP plan says "Ongoing Automatic Investment Fee", is that the amount of money they take every month? In the case of Hershey's DRIP, it says it's $2. Does that mean if someone invests $50 a ...
3
votes
2answers
69 views

Does a mutual fund's return include fees?

If a mutual fund's published YTD return is 3%, and it has an up-front sales charge of 5% and a 12b1 fee of 2%, are these fees included in the YTD return, or would the "real" return be 3%-5%-2% = -4%?
3
votes
4answers
387 views

Basic questions about investing in stocks

I've had some questions regarding stocks that have been bothering me for a while. They are naive, but that is the whole point: to understand what they are and fix my misconceptions. What is a stock? ...
1
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1answer
89 views

How to calculate mutual fund return

How do you calculate the annual return of a mutual fund? I understand roughly how mutual funds work, and I'm trying to decide which mutual funds to invest in, but to prove to myself that I understand ...
1
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3answers
137 views

Why should a company go public?

For someone who holds stock in a privately held startup (through exercised employee options) is it preferable to see the company aiming to go public so that stock can be sold on the open market? It ...
0
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2answers
81 views

Long term drip (dividend reinvestment plan) stock

I sold a Home Depot stock that I will take in cash and deposit into TD amertrade. Is their tax on this? I want to reinvest in mutual funds. We purchased HD over a 15 yr time period in California. I ...
0
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1answer
55 views

Understanding bid and offer prices in CFD's

I am currently researching the mechanics of CFD trading and, being new to this, am a bit confused about certain terms. I understand that the "bid" is the price that the CFD is sold at and the "offer" ...
7
votes
1answer
87 views

Do ETF owners buy and liquidate units from the market when gap between market value and value of underlying shares is large?

Due to various reasons, an ETF, even an index ETF might trade at a value lower that the value of its underlying securities. In such a situation, can the company managing the ETF actually buy from the ...
2
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2answers
136 views

Compounded Interest on Mutual Funds

I may be missing or misunderstanding something regarding how compound interest works with mutual funds and ETFs. Let's say I have $10,000, and I invest said monies in mutual fund XXXXX at $100/share, ...
2
votes
1answer
45 views

Currency forward rates

I'm looking at EUR/USD forward rates here: http://www.investing.com/currencies/eur-usd-forward-rates Can someone explain, in very simple terms, what do the bid/ask prices mean? And what is the ...
40
votes
3answers
8k views

How did this day trader lose so much?

I recently read this article about a day trader that lost $100,000: A trader started a GoFundMe page to pay back $100,000 to E-Trade after a disastrous short Please explain this, because I can not ...