for questions that relate to the laws, practices, and products of accounting. Please note that questions about accounting that are academic or have no bearing on personal finance are off-topic here.

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0
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2answers
40 views

Accounting for paying bills for (and being reimbursed by) another person

I an currently using Gnucash to manage my expenses. I am new to double-entry accounting and find many aspects of it to be confusing. Here's a situation that currently happens monthly. I'd like to know ...
4
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3answers
232 views

After consulting HR Block, are you actually obligated to file your taxes with them, if they've found ways to save you money?

tl;dr HR Block charged me $100 for a "review"—that is, entering in their system what I myself calculated my returns would be (via TurboTax), and seeing what they could come up with to beat that. If ...
0
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0answers
14 views

Gnucash: how to breakdown assets by various accounts? [migrated]

Suppose I have the following accounts in Gnucash: Assets Bank A Risky account, $1000 Non-risky account, $2000 Bank B Risky account, $5000 Non-risky account, ...
1
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0answers
39 views

GAAP for items that you both sell and make?

Concept: I buy widgets. Some widgets I resell. Some widgets are used to make doohickeys. Of the dohickeys, some are sold, some are made into thingamabobs. How should inventory be valued for this ...
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1answer
49 views

Which account type to use for claimable expense I pay upfront for my employer?

I am using GNUCash for personal finance. Sometimes I pay expenses upfront for my employer with cash or credit card. My employer will pay me back later with cash or cheque. I am thinking of using ...
1
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2answers
74 views

Does “NET 30 DAYS” on a legal invoice refer to 30 days after the billing period end date, the invoice creation date or the invoice receipt date?

Does "NET 30 DAYS" on a legal invoice from a US law firm refer to: 30 days after the billing period end date (the last day for which hours are billed) 30 days after the invoice creation date ...
2
votes
1answer
48 views

How to properly name expense accounts (fees and fines, resp.) with public bodies in the context of personal (non-corporate) bookkeeping? [closed]

How to properly name expense accounts (fees and fines, resp.) with public bodies in the context of personal (non-corporate) bookkeeping? Of course I can just make up a random names, but if standard ...
1
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1answer
76 views

Prepaid Rent (Accrual Based Accounting)

I am running a small business that prepays office rent on the 25th of each month (for the next month). I am using accrual based accounting with QuickBooks. My question is, do I need to debit current ...
1
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1answer
49 views

Where to record existing assets when starting double-entry accounting

Very rarely would anyone start recording their accounting with zero assets or liabilities. Question is - under which account would you record them? Specifically, if you own property, you would debit ...
1
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1answer
84 views

Asset Sale: Net proceeds to cash AND capital gains?

This is very simple but I'm having trouble figuring out how to account for the sale of an asset, in double-entry bookkeeping, in a way that shows the net proceeds going to cash AND recorded as a ...
2
votes
1answer
68 views

Is a Scan of my receipts enough for my accountant?

Is a Scan of my receipts enough for my accountant in order to state my expenses for tax refunds? Or does my accountant need the total-100%-original-paper-receipt? Are there any laws about that in ...
1
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1answer
46 views

Accounting: Automatically Sort And Put Timestamp In Right Corner On Invoices I Receive

Whenever I do my taxes I have to collect all my invoices and add the date with a pen in the right corner and then sort them by date, my question is - are there any programs that can help me automate ...
0
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0answers
88 views

How to account for Unrealized Gains in a Trial Balance?

Using GnuCash, When I run a Trial Balance on my accounts, my Debits exceed my Credits by 875.00 wich is the same amount of my Unrealized Gains on the Balance Sheet. How do I reconcile this in my ...
4
votes
2answers
188 views

Can I invest C-corp or S-corp profits by purchasing stock, bonds or property to reduce tax liability?

If I own a C-corp or an S-corp in the US ( say for example Delaware ), and I take profits from revenue after expenses for the corporation and purchase stock in the US stock markets, bonds or other ...
4
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2answers
126 views

U.S. Taxes: Can you deduct or depreciate equipment that was both bought and sold in the same year?

Assume there is equipment used for a for profit endeavor that will be deducted from earnings. That equipment is also sold in the same year, for less than or equal to the purchase price. How does ...
2
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1answer
77 views

Generally Accepted Accounting Principles question

In QuickBooks 2011 for Dummies, pg. 24, there are listed several generally accepted accounting principles. I see that Expense Principle The expense principle states that an expense occurs when the ...
0
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0answers
56 views

Expenses included in cost of sales of a training company?

In the cost of sales for a training business, I'm including the following expenses: Trainer Fees MQA Fees Training Fees Refund Sales & Marketing Branding Newspapers Ads Google Ads Facebook Ads ...
0
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1answer
185 views

How can I debit money to Accounts Receivable in Gnucash without raising an invoice?

I have some income from Amazon Associates that is paid to me automatically every few months. I don't raise an invoice and Amazon doesn't create one for me. Amazon does specify a date when the payment ...
2
votes
1answer
122 views

Special bank account required for a LLC?

I've just incorporated my first LLC in the UK. I'm now looking to open a new bank account to keep my personal finances and the business finances separate. Could I sign up for say a regular Halifax ...
2
votes
2answers
442 views

What does Capital Surplus mean?

Given this information below, what does capital surplus mean? When does a capital surplus go up? What is the formula of capital surplus? I have read Wikipedia's definition, and it only seem to ...
3
votes
1answer
158 views

Making good use of the (optional) Num column in gnucash? “name-of-counterparty” column

In previous humble attempts to learning-the-ropes of household accounting (in conventional spreadsheet software) I used to have a column to hold the name of the counter-party, e.g. the supermarket ...
1
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1answer
342 views

Salary account in gnucash: charge vs. income // example transactions

It might not be the usual thing to have on opening balance in a "Salary" account, but if one did, this is what I tried in gnucash: description: payday again :-) transfer: Equity:Opening Balances ...
8
votes
1answer
161 views

How to record the finding of 10 dollars lying on the street and their subsequent placement into one's wallet (in gnucash)?

Within gnucash: within the Cash in Wallet account: description: found some money in the street transfer: Imbalance-USD or create a new arbitrary one-off account called something like "Penny Lane" ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

In double entry accounting, how does income become equity?

Using GNUCash, help, putting it all together, I'm accounting for a lottery income transaction. I was able to get the example shown with 2 transactions. 1. Dr. Savings 750,000 Cr. ...
0
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0answers
79 views

Is this the correct method for calculating discounted cash flow?

When calculating discounted cash flow, is it better to use figures from the last 12 months, where we take the last fiscal year's results, add the most recent stub period of 6 months, and subtract the ...
6
votes
1answer
94 views

How do I enter a house sale into my accounting package?

We sold our house and purchased a new one. The money from the sale went into our lawyer's trust account, and then was passed onto the vendor that sold us the new house. In my accounting package, I ...
0
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2answers
182 views

Can someone recommend a book that discusses the differences between types of financial statements?

I'm interested in learning the differences between profit and cash, but also about cash flows and financial statements. What book do you recommend I read? I want to read a practical book that ...
6
votes
1answer
78 views

Verification of student loan amounts

I consolidated my student loan debt with FedLoan a year or two after graduation. Is there an easy way to verify that my current balances are accurate? Is this something an accountant would handle, or ...
4
votes
2answers
565 views

In double entry accounting, how do I enter a loan?

I have taken an accounting course several years ago, but I'm a little rusty. I'm using GnuCash, double entry accounting software. I have a loan from a friend, so no interest. I have paid about half ...
4
votes
1answer
631 views

How to report my revenue from Apple iAds and App Store sales, without an invoice?

For accounting purposes, we need an invoice for accounts receivables, but when you get a payment from Apple for iAd revenue and app sales, how do you issue an invoice ? Are there any specific ...
5
votes
1answer
252 views

Does total US public debt include state debt?

When I see total US public debt, I wonder whether state debt is included. If "total US public debt" used differently for different cases, I will restrict my case to the usage in national ...
2
votes
1answer
559 views

Is there a difference between managerial accounting and financial accounting?

In many universities and school, there is both a Managerial Accounting and a Financial Accounting course. From what I can gather, Financial Accounting covers accounting from an perspective of an ...
3
votes
2answers
6k views

How to account for Capital Gains (Losses) in double-entry accounting?

After taking an introductory financial accounting class, I decided to use GnuCash to keep track of my personal finances. I have 5 major accounts in my general ledger: Equity Currently only used to ...
0
votes
1answer
304 views

How do I set up a budget in Quickbooks 2010?

I am treasurer for our school's PTO, and I use QuickBooks Premier Nonprofit Edition 2010. I am trying to track budgets of two different types, and I can't figure out how to do it properly in ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

What does it mean when a business reports its costs on a “fully loaded basis”?

What does it mean to ask a private business to report their costs "on a fully loaded basis"? And then to ask them to "please indicate the fully loaded basis for which the costs are reported"?
3
votes
2answers
689 views

Calculating Profit Ratio (Gross Margin)

When looking at a company's income statement to calculate the Profit Ratio (Gross Margin) PM = Net Profit / Sales Do you include "other" revenue in the equation? Example: XYZ Ltd Income Statement ...
4
votes
2answers
4k views

Calculating the total capital of a company?

I was wondering how do we calculate the total capital of a company? Which items should I look for in the financial statements? And how do I calculate notes payable? Is the same as accounts payable?
3
votes
1answer
85 views

What happens during the windup of a bank?

When a bank is wound up....depositors are usually protected up to a certain amount. Let's say this certain amount is 100K. If a depositor had 150K in the bank, the 50K will be 'frozen' or even ...
0
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2answers
95 views

How to measure the cost/value of an Asset in the Financial Statement

I am currently working on my own Financial Statements. I have several blogs and derive considerable income from it then i decided to put all the assets and liabilities in the books. My problem is ...
5
votes
1answer
50 views

FAFSA implications of filing jointly?

Recently our accountant filed a tax return as married for my partner and me (we live together). She is applying for FAFSA and is not sure whether she should be reflecting her marital status from our ...
6
votes
2answers
232 views

How to find out if a company is legit?

I'm from Sweden and considering opening a "Internet" company on Cyprus with a (valid EU VAT number), because of better tax benefits compared to Sweden and the UK (where I have other companies). I've ...
2
votes
1answer
75 views

Why were numbers on these income statements recorded differently from year to year?

Below are two different income statements for Canadian Oil Sands Ltd. I am wondering how can their net income and other line items be recorded so differently across two consecutive financial ...
1
vote
0answers
157 views

Accounting for escrow payments in Quickbooks?

I am using Quickbooks 2011 Pro. I want to bill my tenants ahead each month for a utility (water) that itself bills once a quarter in arrears. When the water bill arrives, I want to make the next ...
1
vote
1answer
84 views

How would I categorise a personal account?

As a hobby project I'm writing a fairly simple open-source accounting package. It's aimed at individuals so you could argue I shouldn't bother with the more full-on accounting principles (like ...
1
vote
1answer
72 views

Debit/Credit confusion

For an asset account, I've learned that debit increases the balance. This makes perfect sense. So that it's straightforward to calculate net worth, it would make sense that when I buy something on a ...
5
votes
3answers
216 views

Dealing with fractions of a penny

If my car insurance was £1200.01 per year, I could end up being charged £100 + 1/12p per month. I know that's not how it works, the extra penny is kept whole and goes on a specific month instead. ...
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votes
1answer
127 views

Personal Banking using accrual method

If I wanted to try the accrual method for my personal banking, how would I enter my salary? For example, I get paid on the last Thursday of the month, and I pretty much know what it'll be. Should I: ...
2
votes
0answers
127 views

Software for keeping track of Loans and expenses between multiple people

I am keeping track of the finances for an eco-village using double entry book-keeping with GNUCash. I like it so far, but we are keeping track of loans we have taken out from many individuals (no ...
2
votes
1answer
71 views

How do you account for a cash payment by a customer in which some is used for payment to a vendor?

I am using Quickbooks Pro 2011. I received a $750 cash payment from a customer, then used $150 of it to pay a vendor's invoice, creating a bank deposit of $600. I can't figure out how to credit the ...
-1
votes
1answer
89 views

What is the meaning of “FQ2”?

I see the words FQ2 used in news reports sometimes, but I don't know what it means. Can someone help me here?