From the IRS publication 561:
Deduction over $500 for certain clothing or household items. You must
include with your return a qualified appraisal of any single item of
clothing or any household item that is not in good used condition or
better, that you donated after August 17, 2006, and for which you
deduct more than $500. See Household Goods and Used Clothing, earlier.
Based on this quote, it is per item, not per total. However, if you donate more than $5K, an appraisal report is needed.
In any case you need to keep all the receipts, and be able to substantiate your donation. I suggest keeping photographs of the donated items, and write down the prices in the thrift shop at which you're donating, as the donation value.
I understand from your comment that you asked about the Kentucky State taxes. Similarly to Federal, you fill everything on Schedule A of your State tax form. From my brief reading, they're following the Federal rules, and require form 8283 for non-cash donations over $500. You only fill the form once, if total donations is over $500, but on the form you write down items over $500/$5000 separately with additional supporting documents (appraisals etc) if needed, or nothing - if not needed (for items below $500).